Thursday, March 10, 2016

Sigmoid resection versus laparoscopic lavage for perforated diverticulitis

The laparoscopic lavage and drainage procedure was introduced as a potentially less morbid alternative to sigmoid resection for patients with perforated diverticulitis. In the SCANDIV trial, 199 patients with perforated diverticulitis were randomized to undergo either laparoscopic lavage or sigmoid resection . At 90 days, laparoscopic lavage did not improve mortality rates (14 versus 12 percent) or major morbidity rates (31 versus 26 percent) compared with sigmoid resection. Furthermore, patients who underwent laparoscopic lavage were more likely to require reoperation (20 versus 6 percent) for complications such as secondary peritonitis or missed sigmoid cancer. Based upon these results and other available data, sigmoid resection with or without fecal diversion remains the preferred intervention for patients with perforated diverticulitis.

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